Order 7 Rule 11 of C.P.C


Code of Civil Procedure is the constitution of Commercial Courts, Civil Jurisdiction and Appellate Civil Division in the High Court for settling business/common questions. It is the establishment subject for anybody to comprehend Civil Jurisdiction and technique of Civil Courts. That is the reason it is called procedural law as it contains the technique in common suits. Code of Civil Procedure, 1907 is the reason for anybody to rehearse Litigation in the common side.

Order 7 Rule 11of CPC deals with Rejection of Plaint. It is important to choose the use of dismissal of the plaint under Order VII. The litigant can’t be approached to document a composed explanation without choosing such an application if there is any. Besides, this standard can be applied at any phase of the procedures. For a situation under the watchful eye of the Calcutta High Court, Selina Sheehan v. Hafez Mohammad Fateh Nashib, the plaint was dismissed even after it was numbered and established as a suit.

Grounds of dismissal of the plaint

A plaint can be dismissed by the Court on the off chance that it doesn’t specify a reason for activity which is to be taken by the offended party against the respondent. It is seen as a maltreatment of the cycle of the Court. Reason for Action has been referenced at different spots in the Code of Civil Procedure. Without a reason for activity, a common suit can’t emerge. The reason for activity is vital in light of the fact that it uncovers the realities that made the offended party make a such move. At the point when the plaint is being dismissed, the court needs to simply take a gander at the plaint and that’s it.

In addition, a piece of the plaint can’t be dismissed, the plaint whenever dismissed, must be dismissed all in all. Notwithstanding, there can be incomplete striking out of pleadings under Order VI Rule 16 of the Code, yet not halfway dismissal of the plaint.

  • In Samar Singh v. Kedar Nath Alias K.N. Singh and Ors., an allure was recorded under Section 116An of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 against the judgment of the Allahabad High Court. The respondent for example Kedar Nath won the Lok Sabha Elections from Hapur. The appealing party had the option to make sure about just 617 votes in the political decision. The political race appeal was dismissed under Order VII Rule 11 of the Code of Civil Procedure since it didn’t reveal any reason for activity.
  • In K. Thakshinamoorthy v. State Bank of India, a correction order was recorded against the order for the scholarly First Additional Subordinate Judge, Madurai. The Additional Judge had dismissed the plaint because there was no reason for activity referenced. The litigants tried to get the plaint dismissed all things considered. At last, the plaint was dismissed on the grounds of nonappearance of a reason for activity.
  • In S.M.P. Transportation Services Pvt. Ltd. v. World Tanker Carrier Corporation, the plaint was dismissed on the very grounds that there was no reason for activity referenced in the plaint put together by the offended party.

Given that, the time fixed by the Court for the remedy of the valuation or providing of the essential stamp-paper will not be expanded except if the Court, for motivations to be recorded, is fulfilled that the offended party was forestalled by any reason for an excellent nature structure adjusting the valuation or providing the imperative stamp-paper, all things considered, inside the time fixed by the Court and that refusal to broaden such time would make grave shamefulness the offended party.

Order 7 principle 11 Locus Standi

For filing a suit, the offended party needs to have a locus standi. She/he needs to show that some lawful right of the individual has been abused. Such infringement ought to likewise bring about some injury caused to the individual. In the event that no lawful right has been abused, the individual won’t have a locus standi for documenting a suit. It is essentially the capacity of the gathering to show the Court that there was an adequate reason for activity behind the recording of the suit. Under Order VII Rule 11, the locus standi of the suit relies on whether any grounds were abused which brought about dismissal of the plaint.

In Sh. Ved Prakash v. S.H.O, the judgment was given by the Delhi District Court. The application was chosen under Order VII Rule 11read alongside Section 151 of the Code of Civil Procedure and looked for dismissal of the plaint.

The offended party documented the suit for an order via which he guaranteed that he was the co-sharer of 1/6th offer recorded in the Revenue Board. Based on specific discoveries, it was affirmed that the offended party had no locus standi or any reason for activity for documenting the current suit. It was accordingly held that the offended party didn’t have any reason for activity or locus standi to record the case. The suit was excused on the grounds of being infructuous.

In Pirthi Singh and Ors. v. Chander Bhan and Anr., a correction appeal was documented by the candidate respondent in the current argument against the order for the Ld. Judge of Junior Division. It was argued by the offended party that the litigant has deceived the Court by expressing some unacceptable realities. In this way, the application was excused wherein the Punjab-Haryana High Court expressed that there was no lawlessness in the order passed by the Ld. Judge. What’s more, subsequently the solicitors had no locus standi to record the case.

Landmark Cases

In Raghwendra Sharan Singh v. Smash Prasanna Singh, the reason for activity had emerged when the offended party tested the blessing deed after a time of around a long time from the date of the execution of the equivalent. The offended party for the situation has tested the blessing deed with the claims that the blessing deed is an ostentatious one thus not official.

The Hon’ble Supreme Court subsequent to hearing the two sides, taking into account current realities of the case, held that this suit is unequivocally denied by The Law of Limitation. Furthermore, the plaint should be dismissed under Order VII Rule 11 of the Code.

Arrangements for Rejection of plaint

  • Order VII Rule 11(e) necessitates that a copy duplicates of the plaint alongside the first one should be petitioned for establishing a suit. The plaint is dismissed if the offended party neglects to do.
  • Moreover, Order VII Rule 11(f) states that if an offended party doesn’t follow Order VII Rule 9 of the Code, the plaint can be dismissed.
  • Rule 9 Order VII of the Code indicates the technique after the confirmation of the plaint. The offended party needs to join a rundown of archives, various duplicates as needed by the Court.

Other Landmark cases on the dismissal of the plaint

  • It was held in Kalepu Pala Subrahmanyam v. Tiguti Venkata, a modification order was excused by the Andhra Pradesh High Court expressing that a plaint can’t be dismissed in parts. The plaint should be dismissed all in all.
  • It was held in Bibhas Mohan Mukherjee v. Hari Charan Banerjee, by the Calcutta High Court that a order which is passed for dismissing a plaint is an announcement. Also, an allure lies against the pronouncement.
  • It was held in K. ROJA v. U.S. RAYU, by the Hon’ble Supreme Court that an application for dismissal of plaint can be recorded at any stage. The Court needs to arrange off such an application before the preliminary beginnings.
  • In Sopan Sukhdeo Sable v. Astt. Good cause Commr., a suit which had been documented at a previous phase of recording proof, another application was petitioned for postponing the procedures of the suit, such application is considered to be dismissed.
  • Under Order VII Rule 11(a) of the Code of Civil Procedure, just the pleadings of the offended party are investigated. Neither the composed articulation nor the averments can be considered for a order under the said order. (Kuldeep Singh Pathania v. Bikram Singh Jarya)


Per users may get far reaching comprehension of this arrangements and how it can get helpful for them to comprehend. Code of Civil Procedure, 1907 is the main subject for any individual who needs to get in suit and who needs increment their insight in common case. Aside from this there are different of uses that are recommended in Code of Civil Procedure, 1907 to meet the closures of equity and forestall foul play.


  1. https://corporate.cyrilamarchandblogs.com/2020/08/supreme-court-sets-out-object-and-purpose-of-order-vii-rule-11-of-the-code-of-civil-procedure-1908/
  2. https://blog.ipleaders.in/order-7-rule-11/
  3. https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=54dd49e1-d888-4264-b916-64f379ee8fe4
  4. https://indiankanoon.org/search/?formInput=order%207%20rule%2011%20%28a%29%20of%20cpc
  5. https://www.mondaq.com/india/civil-law/899112/grounds-for-rejection-of-the-plaint-civil-procedure-code
  6. https://www.indialegallive.com/constitutional-law-news/courts-news/sc-says-for-allowing-application-under-order-711-cpc-plaint-has-to-be-read-in-whole/

This article is authored by J. Ugesh Rajan, student at School of Excellence in Law


The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the views and opinions of Legally Flawless or its members.

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