Debt Capital Markets


A debt capital market (DCM) depicts a structure of market conditionals per which companies and government can raise funding through the trade of debt securities, including bonds, corporate bond, government bonds, CDs, and so on. Debt capital markets are responsible for assisting corporate and governments with raising debt from a pool of investors who are waiting for funding opportunities. Raising debt is usually considered cheaper than raising equity. For instance, borrowing $100,000 at an annual interest rate of 6% costs $6,000. Raising equity for $100,000 would require abandoning 20% of the corporate to the shareholders, i.e., a cost of $20,000.[1]

Debt capital is normally long-term capital with relatively low rates, and it goes towards refinancing or restructuring existing debt or for a potential merger with another company. In the United States, DCMs are regulated and managed by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). The team within DCM is responsible for providing advice on raising debt for acquisitions, refinancing of existing debt, or restructuring of existing debt[2].

Why Invest in Debt Capital Markets?

Debt protections give an income stream (henceforth the name “fixed-income”) just as capital preservation (by and large) for investors. The degree of risk estimated against the degree of reward is something that all financial specialists consider when making venture choices, and various investors have different risk resiliencies. A few financial specialists like the idea of high risk/high prize and search out circumstances in the value capital markets[3]. However, for those considering for a lower risk, fixed-salary venture, and debt protections in the debt capital markets are generally more appealing.

Debt Securities

Debts securities are guarantees that an organization makes to moneylenders in return for financing, for example, securities, treasuries, currency advertise instruments, etc. Debt Securities are for the substantial part offered with the expansion of loan fees which don’t change and are reliant on the apparent capacity of the borrower to reimburse their debt. For instance, on the off chance that the borrower doesn’t appear to have a capacity to reimburse, at that point the loan cost on a debt security will be higher; the inverse happens if the borrower has such capacity.

How can one approach to procure Debt Securities?

The two significant methods of getting debt securities are either through the primary market or the secondary market. The primary market is the place governments and organizations straightforwardly issue their securities. The secondary market is the place where people who have just received their security declarations go to exchange the security for either a sequential cost, contingent upon flexibility or request.[4]

Debt Capital Market- A Bumpy Road after Corona Virus

The novel corona virus pandemic (“Covid-19”) has triggered another warning sign of difficulties for the Indian economy. While our economy effectively endured the 2008 monetary emergency, the present situation has ended financial movement for a large portion of different sectors. While the explanations behind the past and current emergencies are different, a few patterns are comparable. One of these is the powerlessness of borrowers to support debt.

The 2008 monetary emergency was described by defaults in different debt instruments, for example, term advances, outside business borrowings and FCCBs. To battle this, the Reserve Bank of India introduces several measures, for example, unwinding on rebuilding of different credit accounts and recompense to firms to utilize rupee adds up to repurchase FCCBs. All the while, so as to make an energetic market for corporate securities, the Securities and Exchange Board of India presented the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Issue and Listing of Debt Securities) Regulations, 2008 (the “SEBI ILDS Regulations”)[6].

The presentation of the SEBI ILDS Regulations saw different corporate especially in the fund and foundation space tap the debt capital markets. Specifically, the recorded non-convertible debenture (NCD) advertises saw an uptick in movement in the last three fiscals. As indicated by freely accessible information, guarantors raised a total of around INR 1,957 billion by method of openly gave recorded NCDs[7].

The debt capital markets, and the SEBI ILDS Regulations will confront its first evident test even with potential worldwide financial hardship and stoppage in the Indian economy achieved by Covid-19.

The RBI has stepped in without lifting a finger the strain on the debt capital markets. The RBI’s choice to permit planned business banks to acquire monies through focused long haul repo tasks has supported backers, for example, Reliance Industries Limited to bring monies through NCDs up in request to renegotiate its debt. A few different backers are additionally lining up to raise assets through NCDs. SEBI has likewise stepped in and guided FICO score offices to not downsize any NCDs because of such varieties/move over gave financial specialists agree to such activity[8]. SEBI has additionally guided valuation offices to not treat a deferral in instalment of premium or head or expansion of the development of a NCD due to Covid-19 as a default with the end goal of valuation of currency market or debt protections held by common funds. SEBI may likewise consider giving transitory relaxations under the SEBI ILDS Regulations, for example, presentation of ‘quick track’ open NCD issuances with less difficult exposure prerequisites for prepared backers with a perfect reputation on comparative lines as value protections. This will help backers in renegotiating their developing debt and tending to any advantage risk bungles.


This article is authored by Sejal Das, student at Institute of Law Nirma University, Ahmedabad

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